PMD 6.48.0 released

30 July 2022

30-July-2022 - 6.48.0

The PMD team is pleased to announce PMD 6.48.0.

This is a minor release.

Table Of Contents

New and noteworthy

Java 19 Support

This release of PMD brings support for Java 19. There are no new standard language features.

PMD supports JEP 427: Pattern Matching for switch (Third Preview) and JEP 405: Record Patterns (Preview) as preview language features.

In order to analyze a project with PMD that uses these language features, you’ll need to enable it via the environment variable PMD_JAVA_OPTS and select the new language version 19-preview:

export PMD_JAVA_OPTS=--enable-preview
./ pmd -language java -version 19-preview ...

Note: Support for Java 17 preview language features have been removed. The version “17-preview” is no longer available.

Gherkin support

Thanks to the contribution from Anne Brouwers PMD now has CPD support for the Gherkin language. It is used to defined test cases for the Cucumber testing tool for behavior-driven development.

Being based on a proper Antlr grammar, CPD can:

Fixed Issues

  • apex
    • #4056: [apex] ApexSOQLInjection: Add support count query
  • core
    • #3796: [core] CPD should also provide a --debug flag
    • #4021: [core] CPD: Add total number of tokens to XML reports
    • #4031: [core] If report is written to stdout, stdout should not be closed
    • #4051: [doc] Additional rulesets are not listed in documentation
    • #4053: [core] Allow building PMD under Java 18+
  • java
    • #4015: [java] Support JDK 19
  • java-bestpractices
    • #3455: [java] WhileLoopWithLiteralBoolean - false negative with complex expressions
  • java-design
    • #3729: [java] TooManyMethods ignores “real” methods which are named like getters or setters
    • #3949: [java] FinalFieldCouldBeStatic - false negative with unnecessary parenthesis
  • java-performance
    • #3625: [java] AddEmptyString - false negative with empty var
  • lua
    • #4061: [lua] Fix several related Lua parsing issues found when using CPD
  • test
    • #3302: [test] Improve xml test schema
    • #3758: [test] Move pmd-test to java 8
    • #3976: [test] Extract xml schema module

API Changes


  • CPD has a new CLI option --debug. This option has the same behavior as in PMD. It enables more verbose logging output.

Rule Test Framework

  • The module “pmd-test”, which contains support classes to write rule tests, now requires Java 8. If you depend on this module for testing your own custom rules, you’ll need to make sure to use at least Java 8.
  • The new module “pmd-test-schema” contains now the XSD schema and the code to parse the rule test XML files. The schema has been extracted in order to easily share it with other tools like the Rule Designer or IDE plugins.
  • Test schema changes:
    • The attribute isRegressionTest of test-code is deprecated. The new attribute disabled should be used instead for defining whether a rule test should be skipped or not.
    • The attributes reinitializeRule and useAuxClasspath of test-code are deprecated and assumed true. They will not be replaced.
    • The new attribute focused of test-code allows disabling all tests except the focused one temporarily.
  • More information about the rule test framework can be found in the documentation: Testing your rules

Deprecated API

  • The experimental Java AST class ASTGuardedPattern has been deprecated and will be removed. It was introduced for Java 17 and Java 18 Preview as part of pattern matching for switch, but it is no longer supported with Java 19 Preview.
  • The interface CPDRenderer is deprecated. For custom CPD renderers the new interface CPDReportRenderer should be used.
  • The class TestDescriptor is deprecated, replaced with RuleTestDescriptor.
  • Many methods of RuleTst have been deprecated as internal API.

Experimental APIs

Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

Financial Contributions

Many thanks to our sponsors:

External Contributions


  • 102 commits
  • 26 closed tickets & PRs
  • Days since last release: 35