JSP-specific features and guidance
Table of Contents
Language Info for Java Server Pages

What is currently supported and what is not

In short, JSP files that are XHTML-compliant, are supported. Except for files that contain inline DTDs; only references to external DTD files are supported (having inline DTD will result in a parsing error).

The XHTML support means that:

  • opening tags must be accompanied by corresponding closing tags (or they must be empty tags). This means that currently a “<HR>” tag without corresponding closing tag will result in a parsing error.

  • attribute values must be surrounded by single or double quotes. This means that the following syntax will result in a parsing error:

    <MyTag myAttr1=true myAttr2=1024/>

  • < and > characters must be escaped, or put inside a CDATA section.

    PMD creates a “Abstract Syntax Tree” representation of source code; the rules use such a tree as input. For JSP files, the following constructs are parsed into nodes of the tree:

    • XML-elements, XML-attributes, XML-comments, doctype-declarations, CDATA
    • JSP-directives, JSP-declarations, JSP-comments, JSP-scriptlets, JSP-expressions, Expression Language expressions, JSF value bindings
    • everything else is seen as flat text nodes.
  • Java code (e.g. in JSP-scriptlets) and EL expressions are not parsed or further broken down. If you want to create rules that check the code inside EL expressions or JSP scriptlets (a.o.), you currently would have to do “manual” string manipulation (e.g. using regular expressions).